Volgograd city, formerly know as Tsaritsyn (1598 to 1925), and then Stalingrad (1925 to 1961) is the administrative center of the Volgograd Oblast or province.
The city was the scence of heavy fighting, first during the Russian civil war in 1918, and again during World War II When the costliest battle in human history leading to the loss.
Of nearly 2 million human lives was fought. The city was almost reduced to rubble during this battle, but was rebuilt to become one of the most important and vibrant industrial cities of Southern Russia.
The first Soviet Tractor was built in this city in the year 1930. Today, it houses major industries like ship building, heavy machine building, equipment for the oil drilling industry, chemicals and petrochemicals. It is also a major center for trans-shipment of cargo rail and river.
Volgograd, a city with a population of over 1 million, is well connected by Air to Moscow, St Petersburg, Kiev, Tbilisi, Sochi and many other places. It is also a major railway junction with links to Moscow , the Caucasus, and Siberia etc. The European Highway linking Calais in France to Ridder in Kazakhstan passes through Volgograd.